A Snapshot of Coastal Water Conditions
NECAN is working with citizen scientists in the region to organize Shell Day, a single-day monitoring event on August 22, 2019 which will generate a snapshot of coastal conditions from Downeast Maine to Long Island Sound. Check out the video above to learn more about Shell Day and the question we are asking:
"What is the relationship between salinity and alkalinity?"
The NECAN Education and Outreach Working Group and citizen science organizations in the region will be taking temperature, salinity, and pH measurements, as well as collecting water samples during high, mid, and low tide. The collected water samples will then be sent to participating labs where they will be analyzed to determine total alkalinity.
Coastal acidification can be difficult to monitor. If salinity and total alkalinity correlate enough for salinity to be used as a proxy for alkalinity, salinity measurements, which are affordable and widely available, can be used to help estimate carbonate saturation state and local vulnerability to acidification. This would allow citizen scientists to participate in a more direct way in coastal acidification monitoring.
Shell Day Flyer
This three-page document is an introduction to Shell Day which includes the initial invitation to monitoring organizations to participate in this event, the benefits of community monitoring, and the value of Shell Day.
Shell Day Sampling Protocol Video and Informational Webinar Recording
Supporting Shell Day Documents and Other Resources
Shell Day Informational Webinar Presentations
- Parker Gassett, University of Maine
- Chris Hunt, University of New Hampshire
- Jennie Rheuban, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Tides and Currents
NECAN Webinars "The Role of Citizen Scientists in OCA Monitoring"
Earth Day Network Blog Post
Living Lab Radio on WCAI
The Shell Day Story
In the spring of 2018 NECAN held a series of webinars and workshops for community and citizen science monitoring groups to consider the role of citizen scientists in OCA monitoring. Ocean and coastal acidification have been traditionally difficult to monitor due to the dynamic range of nearshore carbon system conditions, however, monitoring is critical to gain a larger understanding of coastal conditions. These workshops were used as a platform to hold discussions about difficulties in monitoring OCA, best practices for monitoring, data storage and sharing, opportunities for collaboration, and an introduction to the recently released EPA Guidelines for Measuring Changes in Seawater pH and Associated Carbonate Chemistry in Coastal Environments of the Eastern United States.
Workshops were held in Connecticut, Maine, and Massachusetts in April and May 2018. Attendees introduced themselves and their monitoring organizations and indicated on maps provided the regions or areas in which they perform water quality measuring and monitoring. Local science advisors then provided information on their research programs and the state of the science for acidification. The authors of the EPA Monitoring Guidelines, Adam Pimenta and Jason Grear, provided demonstrations of the correct use of field and lab monitoring equipment. The workshops closed out with discussions on how data is stored, opportunities to share data, and ideas for moving forward.
From the discussions on the best practices for coastal monitoring, it was emphasized that measuring just one carbon system parameter, pH, would be beneficial to determining nearshore acidification conditions. An innovative idea was put forth for a sampling blitz which would take place simultaneously all along the Northeast. Coast wide sampling could help us to understand regional patterns, illustrate relationships between salinity and total alkalinity (TA), as well as indicate areas of relative vulnerability or resilience which could inform sustained monitoring and research efforts over time. From these conversations, Shell Day was initiated.
Join the Conversation
To learn more about Shell Day from those involved, and to ask deeper questions about ocean and coastal acidification, head on over to the Ocean Acidification Information Exchange. If you are not yet a member of the OAIE, requesting an account is easy, simply follow this link to start your membership and get started!
Feel free to contact us!